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Human Resources

HUMAN RESOURCES
Greece has a specialized and highly trained workforce, capable of effectively supporting any investment project. Based on the following tables, 46.4% of the total labour force has a higher education degree, while 7.0% has a master's degree and/or a doctorate. It is also indicative that, according to the Hellenic Statistical Authority (data published in March 2024), 22.5% of employed persons are service providers and salesmen, 16.2% are skilled craftsmen and plant and machine operators, 11.1% are office clerks, 10.7% are skilled agricultural and fishery workers and 6.7% are technicians.
The workforce is aligned with the needs of the Greek economy and the trends of the globalized market, with approximately 71.4% employed in the services sector, 16.0% in the secondary sector and 12.0% in the primary sector - more detailed data concerning the employed persons by section of economic activity is presented in the tables below. Furthermore, according to a survey conducted by the Greek Statistical Authority, 69.5% of adults in Greece speak at least one foreign language, while 64.5% of adults speak English.

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Source: Hellenic Statistical Authority March 2024, data processed by Enterprise Greece

Employed persons by section of economic activity

 (in thousands), 2023 (4th quarter)

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

491.9

Mining and quarrying

11.6

Manufacturing

416.1

Electricity, gas, water supply, sewerage, waste management

73.0

Construction

178.1

Trade

699.0

Accommodation and food service activities

358.5

Transportation and storage

230.9

Information and communication

106.4

Financial and insurance activities

89.4

Real estate activities

14.0

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

366.3

Education

308.6

Human health and social work activities

322.9

Various service activities

486.1

Other category

26.0

Total

4,178.8

Source: Hellenic Statistical Authority March 2024, data processed by Enterprise Greece

Level of education of the labour force
(in thousands and %), 2023 (4th quarter)

Post graduate qualification

328.7

7.0%

University degree

852.0

18.2%

Third level technical - vocational institution degree

988.1

21.2%

Completed secondary level education

1,782.7

38.2%

Level lower than the above

720.3

15.4%

Total

4,671.8

100%

Source: Hellenic Statistical Authority March 2024, data processed by Enterprise Greece

Average annual hours actually worked per worker 2022

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Source: OECD, April 2024

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