ellada simera

Greek Exports

Greece 2023 Exports-Imports (provisional data – Hellenic Statistical Authority)

According to the most recent (provisional) data by the Hellenic Statistical Authority, the total amount of exports for 2023 reached €50,920 million, compared to €55,762.2 million in 2022, decreased by 8.7%. Excluding petroleum products, exports decreased by 3.0% during the same period (to €35,174.2 million from €36,245.5 million in 2022), and by 3.2% excluding both petroleum products and ships (to €34,966.3 million from €36,133.8 million).


Fuel accounts for the largest share of exports in 2023 (32.4%), followed by food and live animals (14.9%), manufactured products classified mainly by material (14.4%), and chemicals (11.6%).


The total value of imports in 2023 amounted to €81,965.6 million, compared to €94,552.7 million in 2022, a decrease of 13.3%. Excluding petroleum products, the decrease was 4.1% (to €60,496.6 million from €63,054.7 million), while excluding both petroleum products and ships, imports decreased by 3.9% (to €60,173.0 million euros from €62,629.4 million).


Fuel accounts for the largest share of imports in 2023 (27.8%), followed by transport machinery and equipment (20.2%), and chemicals (14.2%).

Destination countries

Greek exports to other European Union (EU) member-states amounted to 57.0% of total Greek exports in 2023 − demonstrating the bloc’s continued importance as a destination for Greek products.


The main destination countries for Greek exports in value terms for 2023 were:

• Italy (11.6%)
• Bulgaria (7.0%)
• Germany (6.7%)
• Cyprus (6.5%)
• USA (4.2%)
• Spain (4.1%)

Noteworthy increases in 2023 Greek exports were observed in the following countries*:

  • Argentina (+434.36%)
  • Cameroon (+269.06%)
  • Malaysia (+241.86%)
  • Moldova (+195.13%)
  • Iraq (+160.56%)
  • Ukraine (+142.38%)
  • Algeria (+49.73%)
  • Estonia (+40.44%)
  • Egypt (+33.59%)
  • Kosovo (+27.36%)

(*Selected countries where Greek exports were greater than €50million in value in 2023).

Countries of origin

The EU was also an important source of imports, accounting for 50.5% of Greek imports in 2023.

The main source countries for Greek imports in value terms for 2023 were:

  • Germany (10.6%)
  • China (8.4%)
  • Italy (8.2%)
  • Iraq (6.4%)
  • Netherlands (6.1%)
  • France (4.4%)

Total merchandise trade

Overall, Greek merchandise trade transactions (exports + imports) amounted to €132,885.6 million in 2023.


Exports of goods in 2023 were less than imports, but the trade deficit decreased by 20%, and it was mostly offset by Greek exports of services, such as shipping, tourism, financial services, etc.

Import - Export Data

Greek Exports by Country (in millions of euros)

COUNTRY

2023

2022

2021

ITALY

5,883

6,459

4,293

BULGARIA

3,541

4,550

2,025

GERMANY

3,412

3,557

2,925

CYPRUS

3,300

3,261

2,567

USA

2,117

2,228

1,608

SPAIN

2,073

2,109

1,194

UNITED KINGDOM

1,936

2,155

1,310

ROMANIA

1,826

1,835

1,390

TURKEY

1,818

2,502

2,059

FRANCE

1,793

1,692

1,872

LIBYA

1,580

1,851

1,006

LEBANON

1,425

1,582

1,173

REPUBLIC OF NORTH MACEDONIA 

1,381

1,768

873

NETHERLANDS

1,275

1,216

903

GIBRALTAR

1,153

1,211

521

OTHERS

16,407

17,786

14,600

Total

50,920

55,762

40,319


Greek Imports / Country (in million Euros)

COUNTRY

2023

2022

2021

GERMANY

8,662

8,655

7,175

CHINA

6,901

7,908

5,009

ITALY

6,700

6,799

5,790

IRAQ

5,255

6,791

4,140

NETHERLANDS

4,994

4,533

3,658

FRANCE

3,633

3,441

2,691

KAZAKHSTAN

3,390

2,658

2,221

SPAIN

3,027

2,841

2,329 

BULGARIA

3,023

3,662

2,422

TURKEY

2,725

2,898

2,497

RUSSIA

2,446

9,334

4,302

BELGIUM

2,265

2,447

2,083

LIBYA

2,031

2,419

865

POLAND

1,526

1,408

1,125

USA 1,503 3,456 1,432

OTHERS

23,885

25,303

18,093

Total

81,966

94,553

65,832

 

Greek Exports / Sector (in million Euros)

SECTOR

2023

2022

2021

Food and live animals

7,581

6,987

5,892

Beverages and tobacco

1,279

1,152

925

Inedible crude materials except fuels

1,582

1,941

1,882

Mineral fuels, lubricants, etc.

16,476

20,996

11,589

Oils and fats of animal or vegetable origin

1,436

1,050

745

Chemical products

5,925

6,047

5,662

Manufactured products classified mainly by material 

7,356

8,134

6,242

Transport machinery and equipment

5,040

4,987

3,881

Various industrial items

3,637

3,773

2,965

Items and transactions not classified by category

607

696

537

Total

50,920

55,762

40,319


Greek Imports / Sector (in million Euros)

SECTOR

2023

2022

2021

Food and live animals

8.476

8.306

6.504

Beverages and tobacco

967

865

676

Inedible crude materials except fuel

1,999

2,328

1,822

Mineral fuels, lubricants, etc.

22,770

33,532

17,303

Oils and fats of animal or vegetable origin

488

570

371

Chemical products

11,671

12,399

10,998

Manufactured products classified mainly by material 

9,573

10,723

7,807

Transport machinery and equipment

16,565

15,762

12,429

Various industrial items

8,754

8,826

6,764

Items and transactions not classified by category

702

1,240

1,158

Total

81,966

94,551

65,832

Source: Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT), provisional data processed by Enterprise Greece. Small differences in total by country and sector are due to revisions by ELSTAT.

 

LOGIN